History

bg
Why Suffragists Helped Send Women Doctors to WWI's Front
Lines

Why Suffragists Helped Send Women Doctors to WWI's Front...

Doctors of the Women's Oversea Hospitals Unit operated under bomb and gas attacks....

bg
The Female World War II Codebreaker Who Busted Nazi Spy
Rings

The Female World War II Codebreaker Who Busted Nazi Spy...

Elizebeth Friedman’s codebreaking helped save the Queen Mary and capture a Nazi...

bg
Valhalla: How Viking Belief in a Glorious Afterlife
Empowered Warriors

Valhalla: How Viking Belief in a Glorious Afterlife Empowered...

Female valkyrie would greet fallen Viking warriors and lead the boldest to a glorious...

bg
The Last Confederate General to Surrender Was Native
American

The Last Confederate General to Surrender Was Native American

Stand Watie, a contentious Cherokee leader who signed away his ancestral lands,...

bg
Why the 19th Amendment Did Not Guarantee All Women the Right
to Vote

Why the 19th Amendment Did Not Guarantee All Women the...

Despite the adoption of the 19th Amendment, many women of color, immigrant women...

bg
How Billie Holiday’s ‘Strange Fruit’ Confronted an Ugly Era
of Lynchings

How Billie Holiday’s ‘Strange Fruit’ Confronted an Ugly...

During a time when violence against Black Americans was devastatingly common, Holiday's...

bg
9 Groundbreaking Inventions by Women

9 Groundbreaking Inventions by Women

Women inventors are behind a wide range of key innovations, from Kevlar to dishwashers...

bg
Women in WWII Took on These Dangerous Military Jobs

Women in WWII Took on These Dangerous Military Jobs

Looking beyond traditional nursing or clerical roles, some women served as snipers,...

bg
Who Invented the TV Dinner?

Who Invented the TV Dinner?

It came. It thawed. It conquered. Along the way, the frozen meal in a box had multiple...

bg
How the Aztec Empire Was Forged Through a Triple
Alliance

How the Aztec Empire Was Forged Through a Triple Alliance

Three city-states joined in a fragile, but strategic alliance to wield tremendous...

bg
How Barbara Jordan's 1974 Speech Marked a Turning Point in
the Watergate Scandal

How Barbara Jordan's 1974 Speech Marked a Turning Point...

Representative Jordan's primetime remarks on the Constitution riveted the nation...

bg
Why Labor Unions Declined in the 1920s

Why Labor Unions Declined in the 1920s

Stripped of wartime protections and branded as anti-American, labor unions languished...

bg
How the Perfect Lawn Became a Symbol of the American
Dream

How the Perfect Lawn Became a Symbol of the American Dream

And of course, all that grass inspired innovations in mowing. With the rise of suburbia...

bg
Who Is Cupid?

Who Is Cupid?

And how did he become the unofficial mascot of Valentine's Day? The mention of Cupid...

bg
The Surprising Origins of the Fortune Cookie

The Surprising Origins of the Fortune Cookie

They didn't come from China. Where did fortune cookies come from—and how did they...

bg
Why Frederick Douglass Wanted Black Men to Fight in the
Civil War

Why Frederick Douglass Wanted Black Men to Fight in the...

He believed that, as soldiers, Black men could gain self-respect, self-defense skills...

bg
Cesar Chavez

Cesar Chavez

The Mexican-American labor leader and civil rights activist Cesar Chavez dedicated...

bg
“The Birth of A Nation” opens, glorifying the KKK

“The Birth of A Nation” opens, glorifying the KKK

On February 8, 1915, D.W. Griffith’s The Birth of a Nation, a landmark film in the...

bg
Three protestors die in the Orangeburg Massacre

Three protestors die in the Orangeburg Massacre

On the night of February 8, 1968, police officers in Orangeburg, South Carolina...

bg
First confirmed case of COVID-19 found in U.S.

First confirmed case of COVID-19 found in U.S.

Following a rapid spread from its origin in Wuhan, China, the first U.S. case of...

bg
Shirley Chisholm visits her opponent George Wallace in the
hospital

Shirley Chisholm visits her opponent George Wallace in...

Rep. Shirley Chisholm, the first Black woman elected to the United States Congress,...

bg
Fukushima nuclear disaster

Fukushima nuclear disaster

On March 11, 2011, the largest earthquake ever recorded in Japan causes massive...

bg
Congressman and civil rights leader John Lewis dies

Congressman and civil rights leader John Lewis dies

On July 17, 2020, in the midst of a pandemic and a time of unparalleled racial tensions...

bg
Congress of Racial Equality (CORE)

Congress of Racial Equality (CORE)

Inspired by Mahatma Gandhi's protest strategies of nonviolence and civil disobedience,...

bg
Christo and Jeanne-Claude's "The Gates" opens in New York's
Central Park

Christo and Jeanne-Claude's "The Gates" opens in New York's...

On February 12, 2005, 7,503 orange curtains unfurl across New York City’s Central...

bg
Black History: Timeline of the Post-Civil Rights Era

Black History: Timeline of the Post-Civil Rights Era

From the 1968 assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr., to the 2008 election of...

bg
World Health Organization officially names novel coronavirus
disease COVID-19

World Health Organization officially names novel coronavirus...

A few months after the first known case was detected in Wuhan, China, and approximately...

bg
Niagara Movement

Niagara Movement

In 1905, a group of prominent Black intellectuals led by W.E.B. Du Bois met in Erie,...

bg
Full U.S.-Cuba embargo is announced

Full U.S.-Cuba embargo is announced

On February 7, 1962, President John F. Kennedy issues an executive order broadening...

bg
Southern Pacific Railroad completes New Orleans to
California route

Southern Pacific Railroad completes New Orleans to California...

The Southern Pacific Railroad completes its transcontinental “Sunset Route” from...

bg
Punic Wars, between Rome and Carthage, come to an
end

Punic Wars, between Rome and Carthage, come to an end

On February 5, 146 BCE, the Roman Republic finally triumphed over its nemesis, Carthage,...

bg
Secretary of State Colin Powell speaks at UN, justifies US
invasion of Iraq

Secretary of State Colin Powell speaks at UN, justifies...

U.S. Secretary of State Colin Powell gives a speech to the United Nations that is...

bg
How Many US Presidents Have Faced Censure?

How Many US Presidents Have Faced Censure?

More than a dozen sitting presidents have faced Congressional censure, but the official...

bg
5 Iconic Mashup Inventions That Have Stood the Test of
Time

5 Iconic Mashup Inventions That Have Stood the Test of...

It wasn't until the 20th century that inventors looked past single-use products....

bg
How Gilded Age Corruption Led to the Progressive Era

How Gilded Age Corruption Led to the Progressive Era

As the rich grew richer during the Gilded Age, the poor grew poorer, spurring the...

bg
15 of America's Most Historic Restaurants

15 of America's Most Historic Restaurants

This selection of enduring eateries reflects our country's mosaic of cultures. How...

bg
Who Invented the Potato Chip?

Who Invented the Potato Chip?

It's complicated. The credit for America’s greatest inventions is often a matter...

bg
Reconstruction: A Timeline of the Post-Civil War Era

Reconstruction: A Timeline of the Post-Civil War Era

For a 14-year period following the Civil War, the U.S. government took steps to...

bg
America’s First Black Regiment Earned Their Freedom by
Fighting Against the British

America’s First Black Regiment Earned Their Freedom by...

The Slave Enlistment Act of 1778 stipulated that any enslaved person accepted to...

bg
Black Women Who Have Run for President

Black Women Who Have Run for President

Since 1968, these 11 Black women have entered the running for the highest office...

bg
8 Boundary-Breaking Black TV Shows

8 Boundary-Breaking Black TV Shows

These shows helped broaden the range of African American experiences portrayed on...

bg
The 1969 Raid That Killed Black Panther Leader Fred
Hampton

The 1969 Raid That Killed Black Panther Leader Fred Hampton

Some details around the 1969 police shooting of Hampton and other Black Panther...

bg
How Jesse Jackson's Rainbow Coalition Championed
Diversity

How Jesse Jackson's Rainbow Coalition Championed Diversity

In his 1984 presidential run, Jackson sought to unite a multiracial, multicultural...

bg
The Atlantic Slave Trade Continued Illegally in America
Until the Civil War

The Atlantic Slave Trade Continued Illegally in America...

The United States transatlantic slave trade wasn’t supposed to last all the way...

bg
8 Steps That Paved the Way to the Civil Rights Act of
1964

8 Steps That Paved the Way to the Civil Rights Act of 1964

The Civil Rights Act of 1964 was landmark legislation that required decades of actions—and...

bg
Why Ice Cream Soared in Popularity During
Prohibition

Why Ice Cream Soared in Popularity During Prohibition

No beer? No problem. Better refrigeration, together with innovations in making and...

bg
How the Tulsa Race Massacre Was Covered Up

How the Tulsa Race Massacre Was Covered Up

A search for mass graves of the victims of the 1921 Tulsa Race Massacre highlights...

bg
The Conflicted Legacy of the First Vice President of
Color

The Conflicted Legacy of the First Vice President of Color

Vice President Charles Curtis, a member of the Kaw Nation who served under Herbert...

bg
How the US Civil War Influenced Music

How the US Civil War Influenced Music

For soldiers on both sides, music was a vital source of inspiration and comfort....

bg
Chocolate’s Sweet History: From Elite Treat to Food for the
Masses

Chocolate’s Sweet History: From Elite Treat to Food for...

Originally consumed as a bitter drink, it was prized as both an aphrodisiac and...

bg
How Cesar Chavez Joined Larry Itliong to Demand Farm
Workers' Rights

How Cesar Chavez Joined Larry Itliong to Demand Farm Workers'...

Itliong may not be as well-known a name as Chavez, but his role among Filipino-American...

bg
Shirley Chisholm: Facts About Her Trailblazing
Career

Shirley Chisholm: Facts About Her Trailblazing Career

She may be best known for her 1972 run for president, but Shirley Chisholm broke...

bg
How Tuskegee Airmen Fought Military Segregation With
Nonviolent Action

How Tuskegee Airmen Fought Military Segregation With Nonviolent...

Their coordinated efforts to integrate a white officers' club set an example that...

bg
The US National Guard's 400-Year History

The US National Guard's 400-Year History

The reserve force of men and women traces its roots to Colonial America. Founded...

bg
Same-sex marriage is made legal nationwide with Obergefell
v. Hodges decision

Same-sex marriage is made legal nationwide with Obergefell...

June 26, 2015 marks a major milestone for civil rights in the United States, as...

bg
What Happened to Amelia Earhart?

What Happened to Amelia Earhart?

The trailblazing aviator’s disappearance remains a source of fascination—and controversy....

bg
Members of the Niagara Movement meet for the first
time

Members of the Niagara Movement meet for the first time

Niagara Movement members begin meeting on the Canadian side of the Niagara Falls....

bg
The hashtag #BlackLivesMatter first appears, sparking a
movement

The hashtag #BlackLivesMatter first appears, sparking a...

Outraged and saddened after the acquittal of George Zimmerman, the Florida man who...

bg
Sandra Bland dies in jail after traffic stop
confrontation

Sandra Bland dies in jail after traffic stop confrontation

On July 10, 2015, Texas State Trooper Brian Encinia pulls over a 28-year-old Black...

bg
Eric Garner dies in NYPD chokehold

Eric Garner dies in NYPD chokehold

On July 17, 2014, two New York Police Department officers confront Eric Garner,...

bg
Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) signed into
law

Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) signed into law

On July 26, 1990, President George H.W. Bush signs the Americans with Disabilities...

bg
President Truman ends discrimination in the military

President Truman ends discrimination in the military

President Harry S. Truman signs Executive Order 9981—ending discrimination in the...

bg
Operation Tidal Wave: U.S. forces attempt risky air raid on
Axis oil refineries

Operation Tidal Wave: U.S. forces attempt risky air raid...

On August 1, 1943, 177 B-24 bombers take off from an Allied base in Libya, bound...

bg
Dayton, Ohio shooting becomes second mass shooting in
24-hour period

Dayton, Ohio shooting becomes second mass shooting in 24-hour...

A mass shooting takes place early in the morning in Dayton, Ohio on August 4, 2019....

bg
5-day long Russo-Georgian War begins

5-day long Russo-Georgian War begins

On August 8, 2008, a long-simmering conflict between Russia and Georgia boiled over...

bg
Michael Brown is killed by a police officer in Ferguson,
Missouri

Michael Brown is killed by a police officer in Ferguson,...

On August 9, 2014, police officer Darren Wilson shoots and kills Michael Brown,...

bg
People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) is
founded

People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) is founded

On August 21, 1980, animal rights advocates Ingrid Newkirk and Alex Pacheco found...

bg
Thousands of Mexican-American antiwar activists march in
Chicano Moratorium

Thousands of Mexican-American antiwar activists march in...

On August 29, 1970, more than 20,000 Mexican-Americans march through East Los Angeles...

bg
Off-duty police officer mistakenly enters neighbor's
apartment and shoots its owner to death

Off-duty police officer mistakenly enters neighbor's apartment...

On September 6, 2018 an off-duty Dallas police officer fatally shoots an unarmed...

bg
Hispanic Heritage Month

Hispanic Heritage Month

Hispanic Heritage Month is an annual celebration of the history and culture of the...

bg
Hispanic History Milestones: Timeline

Hispanic History Milestones: Timeline

The American Hispanic/Latinx history is a rich, diverse and long one, with immigrants,...

bg
Proposition 187 is approved in California

Proposition 187 is approved in California

On November 8, 1994, 59 percent of California voters approve Proposition 187, banning...

bg
Navajo Code Talkers: Zonnie Gorman

Navajo Code Talkers: Zonnie Gorman

Historian Zonnie Gorman, whose father was one of the original Navajo Code Talker,...

bg
Navajo Code Talkers: Samuel F. Sandoval

Navajo Code Talkers: Samuel F. Sandoval

Samuel F. Sandoval, one of the four surviving Navajo Code Talkers, discusses his...

bg
Jill Biden

Jill Biden

Dr. Jill Biden is a longtime educator, the wife of the 46th U.S. president-elect...

bg
Gloria Steinem publishes part one of "A Bunny's Tale" in
SHOW magazine

Gloria Steinem publishes part one of "A Bunny's Tale" in...

After enduring a brief but grueling stint as a Bunny in Manhattan's Playboy Club,...

bg
"Paris is Burning" premieres in theaters

"Paris is Burning" premieres in theaters

After more than five years of fundraising, shooting, and editing, the documentary...

bg
"House of Cards," Netflix's first original series, starts
streaming

"House of Cards," Netflix's first original series, starts...

By 2013, Netflix had already fundamentally changed the way Americans consumed movies...

bg
First episode of "60 Minutes" airs

First episode of "60 Minutes" airs

On September 24, 1968, CBS airs the first episode of 60 Minutes, a show that would...

bg
First issue of "Vogue" is published

First issue of "Vogue" is published

On December 17, 1892, Arthur Baldwin Turnure first publishes a new magazine, dedicated...

bg
Basketball star Kobe Bryant dies in helicopter crash

Basketball star Kobe Bryant dies in helicopter crash

On January 26, 2020, a helicopter carrying former pro basketball player Kobe Bryant,...

bg
Groundbreaking novel "Don Quixote" is published

Groundbreaking novel "Don Quixote" is published

On January 16, 1605, Miguel de Cervantes' El ingenioso hidalgo Don Quixote de la...

bg
2020: The Year in Events

2020: The Year in Events

2020 was a tumultuous year that saw the onset of a deadly pandemic, widespread protests...

bg
Martin Luther King, Jr. is jailed; writes "Letter from a
Birmingham Jail"

Martin Luther King, Jr. is jailed; writes "Letter from...

On April 3, 1963, the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., his Southern Christian Leadership...